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Different Types of Electrical Power Conn..
Different Types of Electrical Power Connectors
Every electrical network depends on its electrical power connectors to make the junctions it needs. To fit a myriad of circuit system applications, there is a variety of connector types to choose from. Generally, power connectors are classified by how much voltage they carry, that being either low, medium, or high voltage. In addition, connectors may be categorized by their mating components, materials, and purpose. In this blog, we will be examining the major types of electrical power connectors available and dig into how each of them can be used.
Low-Duty, Medium-Duty, and Heavy-Duty Power Connectors
When categorized by their voltage carrying capacity, electrical power connectors are divided into three categories: light-duty, medium-duty, and heavy-duty. Light-duty connectors can carry up to 250 Volts (V) of low current. However, if contact resistance does not stay low and stable, it may compromise the ability of the device to transmit current. It is also important to minimize any external contaminants such as dust, dirt, and water because the component is prone to oxidation which could be brought on by these factors. Light-duty connectors are popularly used in cars, radio, instruments and communication devices.
Medium-duty connectors are able to carry higher-level electrical current at up to 1,000 V. It should be noted that they can suffer electrical wear if the contact material isn’t monitored to prevent welding and erosion. For their increased capability, medium-duty connectors are found in an array of domestic and industrial applications. As the most capable options, heavy-duty connectors can handle high-level current in the range of hundreds of kilovolts (kV). For this reason, they are most effective in large-scale power distribution operations along with power management and protection systems such as circuit breakers.
Electrical Power Connector Types
In addition to the three general categories of power connectors, they are also separated into more specific types fit to certain applications. Some of these types include:
AC Connectors: These connectors are mainly used to connect equipment to a wall outlet in order to power a device. Of the various types available, power plugs are designed for standard-sized devices whereas industrial AC power plugs can be used for large industrial applications.
DC Connectors: In contrast with AC connectors, those of the DC variety are not standardized and instead come in many different shapes and sizes dependent on the location and manufacturer. DC plugs are primarily used to supply power to small electronics and it is always important to use compatible variants to power your device.
Wire Connectors: The role of wire connectors is to bring two or more wires together at a common point of connection. Examples include crimps, set screws, and split-bolt fasteners.
Blade Connectors: These connectors consist of a blade connector that is inserted into a blade receptacle so that when the blade connector wire makes contact with the receptacle wire, a connection is made.
Plug & Socket Connectors: Plug and socket connectors have both a male and female component which fit together tightly to form a connection. For this to happen, the plug, with pins and prongs must be inserted into the socket so that the internal contacts meet and create a junction.
Insulation-Piercing Connectors: The advantage of these connectors is that they do not require uncovered wire. Instead, a fully covered wire is inserted into the connector which has a small device at the opening that can remove the wire covering as it slides into place.
With a variety of connector types available, it is essential to verify what variant you require before making a purchase. Here on ASAP Logistic Solutions, we have all the tools to assist you in getting whatever parts you need for your aircraft, industrial, naval, or electrical assembly. If you are interested in the parts and services we offer, we invite you to browse our online catalog of items and request competitive quotes for your comparisons on any featured product.